E-ISSN: 2148-4570 • ISSN:2148-4570
Ankara Medical Journal Effects of active/passive smoking exposure in patients with COPD [Ankara Med J]
Ankara Med J. 2022; 22(1): 93-103 | DOI: 10.5505/amj.2022.79026

Effects of active/passive smoking exposure in patients with COPD

Nurgul Bozkurt1, Ali İhsan Bozkurt2
1Dept of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University Antalya,Turkey
2Dept. of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Pamukkale University (retired), Denizli, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Smoke exposure of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) patients increases the frequency of exacerbations and affects the quality of life. However, most patients still continue to active/passive smoking exposure after being diagnosed with COPD. In this study, the effects of active/passive smoking exposure on symptoms exacerbation/pulmonary functions in COPD patients were investigated.
METHODS: Totally 151 COPD patients were included in the study. Patient data on active/passive smoking exposure and exacerbation frequency, and COPD Assessment Test(CAT), modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale(m-MRC), and pulmonary function tests(PFT) were recorded. As well as active smoking exposure, these parameters were especially evaluated in ex-smoker COPD patients according to passive smoking exposure. The data were evaluated in SPSS 22.0 program; X2 and student t-tests were applied.
RESULTS: Active/passive exposure was determined (26.49% and 43.05%, respectively). Total cigarette consumption was 1.5 times higher in men, and passive smoking exposure (69.56%) was higher in women. In addition, it was determined that the m-MRC score increased statistically significantly as exposure to passive cigarettes increased. It was observed that the number of exacerbations increased in ex-smoker COPD patients with passive exposure. Another finding in the study; was determined that the increase in each standard deviation in cigarette consumption caused a 19% decrease in pulmonary function capacity and an increase in m-MRC, CAT scores.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Active/passive smoking exposure was detected in most COPD patients. It was determined that continuous smoking exposure in patients caused an increase in the number of exacerbations and a deterioration in the quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to increase awareness of passive smoking exposure in the management of COPD patients.

Keywords: COPD, Smoking Exposure, Exacerbations

Nurgul Bozkurt, Ali İhsan Bozkurt. Effects of active/passive smoking exposure in patients with COPD. Ankara Med J. 2022; 22(1): 93-103

Corresponding Author: Nurgul Bozkurt, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
LookUs & Online Makale