INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the cardiovascular risks of athletes engaged in sports activities in various branches.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a 20-item questionnaire including demographic information and sports history was applied to 181 athletes. In addition to physical examinations, complete blood count, biochemistry, lipid profile, TSH, T4, ECG and ECHO tests were conducted.
RESULTS: Of the athletes, 25 (13.81%) had a pathology that could impede them from doing sports was detected. When the data was examined by comparing participants with and without the pathological status, statistically significant differences were found in terms of cardiac rate, the presence of ventricular hypertrophy, T-wave, deviation in cardiac axis, HDL, LDL, calcium, ALT, diastolic blood pressure and the frequency of training per week.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The presence of conditions posing any health risk among actively engaged athletes suggests that some risky situations can be overlooked in the examinations necessary for entry into sports. Family physicians should take a full anamnesis when evaluating people who want to do sports, and accordingly carry out a detailed examination, and predicate their findings on laboratory findings.