E-ISSN: 2148-4570 • ISSN:2148-4570
Ankara Medical Journal Literature Review on the Effectiveness of Medicinal Leech Therapy in the Wound Healing [Ankara Med J]
Ankara Med J. 2023; 23(1): 151-164 | DOI: 10.5505/amj.2023.20280

Literature Review on the Effectiveness of Medicinal Leech Therapy in the Wound Healing

Kübranur Ünal1, Mehmet Emre Erol2, Hüseyin Ayhan3
1Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University
2Department of Medical Biochemistry, Institute of Health Sciences, Gazi University
3Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Vocational School of Health Services, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University

Medical leech therapy, which has a history of thousands of years, is still the subject of many scientific studies today. These studies have shown that medicinal leech therapy has anticoagulant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, as well as increases blood flow in the bite area. Due to these stated effects of leech therapy, it has potential benefits for patients experiencing wounds of the skin and tissues. This review focused on presenting the studies in which medical leech therapy is used to promote wound healing, particularly in post-traumatic wounds and non-healing chronic wounds. Additionally, this review aims to recognize medicinal leech therapy, introduce the leech species that have therapeutic effects and indicate the effect mechanisms of leech saliva on wound healing. The case series, single case reports and review articles on the use of medicinal leech therapy in wound healing were inspected. The original animal-based studies on wound healing were also investigated in this review for additional information. Various reports indicate that medicinal leech therapy has potential benefits for patients experiencing venous congestion of the skin and tissues, as well as varied types of ulcers. Medicinal leech therapy has promising potential in the healing of post-traumatic and chronic non-healing wounds. Nevertheless, more studies are needed for the potential effects of medicinal leech therapy in wound healing should be clarified by further studies.Results and Conclusion: Various reports indicate that the medicinal leech therapy has potential benefits for patients experiencing venous congestion of the skin and tissues, as well as varied types of ulcers. The medicinal leech therapy has a promising potential in the healing of post-traumatic and chronic non-healing wounds. Nevertheless, more studies are needed for the potential effects of medicinal leech therapy in wound healing should be clarified by further studies.

Keywords: Hirudotherapy, medicinal leech therapy, trauma, ulcers, wound healing.

Kübranur Ünal, Mehmet Emre Erol, Hüseyin Ayhan. Literature Review on the Effectiveness of Medicinal Leech Therapy in the Wound Healing. Ankara Med J. 2023; 23(1): 151-164

Corresponding Author: Kübranur Ünal, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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